Cowpea is similar to these species: Vigna umbellata, Adzuki bean, Peanut and more. This plant is from A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24 Sunset zone. cowpea: An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. Definition of cowpea noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Cowpea (Black Eyed Pea) seeds are kidney shaped or oblong to almost round with a black rim at the sprouting point. Cowpeas are a very important legume crop in many parts of Asia, Africa, and other arid parts of the world. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata). Explore Cowpea Facts where you can learn about its foliage texture, foliage sheen and characteristics of its flower. It may be erect, trailing, climb-ing or bushy, usually indeterminate under favourable conditions. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible immature pods. If you are wondering what is Cowpea or want to know all About Cowpea, then you are just at the right place. Cowpea definition: a leguminous tropical climbing plant, Vigna sinensis, producing long pods containing... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), an indigenous legume to sub-Saharan Africa, is mainly grown in the dry savanna areas as an intercrop with millets, sorghum, groundnut and maize. Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is a climbing annual in the family Fabaceae grown for its edible seeds and pods.The cowpea plant is usually erect and possess ribbed stems and smooth trifoliate leaves which are arranged alternately on the stems. Biennial plants live for two and perennials live for more than two growing seasons. Catjang
They are extremely variable in colour from creamy white to brown, to black or pink. Cowpea grains rich in protein are consumed in different forms in several parts of the tropics. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. In both senses also called black-eyed pea. Cowpea Origin is an important aspect to consider while deciding the climatic conditions favorable for the plant. It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa and Asia. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. Cowpea is an annual herb with varying growth forms. An annual African plant (Vigna unguiculata) in the pea family, widely cultivated in warm regions for food, forage, and soil improvement. The plants are thought to be native to West Africa and are widely cultivated in warm regions around the world. Links are allowed when clear credit is given to myfavourite pastime.com with appropriate and specific direction to the original content. Sandy to clay loam soil and well drained with a pH of 6-7 Cowpea are highly sensitive to water logging. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Root: cowpea has a strong taproot and many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Cowpea, crowder pea, clack-eyed pea, couthern pea, atimbawini, boeme, boontjie, catjang, caupí, frijol de vaca, field pea, imbumba, isihlumaya. Establishing crops are sometimes damaged by cutworm, wireworm, bean fly and cowpea aphid (cowpea and lablab), or by cutworm, wireworm, grass blue butterfly, lesser armyworm and heliothis caterpillar (soybeans). It prefers well drained, sandy soils or sandy loams. Cowpea, sometimes called China bean, is grown commercially in India and China and as a high-protein subsistence crop in Africa. I love everything food: eating, cooking, baking and travelling. Cowpea is a warm weather … ( Log Out / Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. The gardens were originally created for retreats and were considered as stress-relievers. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). What is the difference between Cowpea and Mung Beans? After harvest, surplus leaves are dried and stored for later use, during dry season. cowpea - sprawling Old World annual cultivated especially in southern United States for food and forage and green manure. Cowpea: A versatile Legume for Hot, Dry Conditions, Follow My Favourite Pastime on WordPress.com. Find more similar words at wordhippo.com! In Botswana and Zimbabwe, the leaves are boiled and kneaded to a pulp then formed into balls and dried for later use. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. “The cowpea has nourished people for many centuries,” said Ousmane Boukar, a cowpea breeder working with the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) in Nigeria. Cowpea seedling. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata), is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Walp. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. black-eyed pea, cowpea - eaten fresh as shell beans or dried. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. I also love photography and nature. It’s best to incorporate cowpeas while the entire crop is still green (361) for quickest release of plant nutrients. For too long, a versatile crop, capable of providing huge benefits for health and wealth stayed on the sidelines, largely below its economic potential and comparatively neglected by research. Cowpea plants are sometimes mowed or rolled to suppress regrowth before being incorporated for green manure. Southern Peas, Blackeye Peas, Crowder Peas, California blackeyed peas. Hardiness zone of a plant is a geographically defined area in which, a particular type of plant is capable of growing according to the climatic conditions. Cowpea, ( Vigna unguiculata ), also called black-eyed pea or southern pea, annual plant within the pea family ( Fabaceae) grown for its edible legumes. Black eyed pea, originated in Africa, where a large genetic diversity of the species occurs, throughout the continent. Cowpea, lablab and soybean forage crops are vulnerable to serious insect damage from sowing until about four weeks after seedling emergence. Cowpea is native to Africa. Pods turn cream or brown upon maturity and become quite brittle. Leaves: The first pair of leaves is … Every plant has a peculiar growing habit. Its root is a taproot which is quite strong and with many spreading lateral roots in surface soil. Similarly the AHS Heat zone of the plant is Not Available. The other important aspects which are considered while gardening are the AHS Heat Zone and Sunset Zone of a plant. In the USA, it’s widely cultivated in the South for the edible seeds, forage, and green manure. Cowpea is one amongst the List of Vegetables and its type is Vegetable. The leaves are boiled and fried with onions, tomatoes and spices and served with staple food such as cassava, yam, plantain or Ugali, Nsima or Pap. 2. (kou′pē′) n. 1. In India, cowpea is cooked like dhal and served with basmati rice, naan or paratha. In Africa the leaves are also sun-dried, stored for later as a vegetable during dry season.They can be sun-dried after harvest or boiled and then sun-dried. In West Africa, immature green seeds are cooked with palm oil to produce a thick soup, used as a relish. Annuals are those plants which live only for one growing season. Knowing Cowpea life span is important when you plan to design your garden, as a good gardener needs to know the growing season of plants. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. Life span of any plant is of three types: Annuals, Biennials and Perennials. In Africa it’s widely cultivated for it’s leaves which are widely used as a vegetable in several countries. The common types of this plant are: Yardlong Bean
Michael Major | Crop Trust The cowpea keeps millions of people fed every day—but with the climate crisis threatening production, scientists are finding ways to increase its yields and hardiness. Although it is mostly grown for its edible dry seeds, the leaves, green peas and green pea pods are also eaten, especially in Africa and India. It is the crop which grows well in the warm season, temperate zones and humid tropic. Synonyms for cowpea include black-eyed pea, bachapin bean, black-eyed bean, black eyed cowpea, black eyed dolichos, black-eye pea, blackeye pea, common cowpea, cowgram and cow pea. The grain provides valuable protein and the leaves are used as a nutritious vegetable. Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) is widely cultivated across the world.Due to its symbiotic nitrogen fixation capability and many agronomically important traits, such as tolerance to low rainfall and low fertilization requirements, as well as its high nutrition and health benefits, cowpea is an important legume crop, especially in many semi-arid countries. Cowpea is an herbaceous legume which grows annually in a warm climate with adequate rainfall. ; A subcategory of field peas is crowder peas, so called because they are crowded together in their pods, causing them to have squarish ends. Description: Fast growing, annual legume suitable for grazing or crop rotations. Yardlong Bean
It’s also important in East and Southern Africa where it’s used as a vegetable and pulse (Prota). Millions of african farmers grow cowpea, some two hundred million africans consume Cowpea, Vigna unguiculata, is an important grain legume adapted to the sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) where it contributes to the nutrition, health, and income of rural and suburban inhabitants. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In East Africa, the beans are cooked together with maize (corn) kernels and eaten as a meal. Cowpea hardiness zone is Not Available. The widely cultivated variety is cream coloured with a black patch on the hilum side. Cowpea or Black Eyed Pea is an annual herb, Vigna unguiculata, of the legume family (Leguminosae, Fabaceae). An edible seed of this plant. Photo by IITA. When we consider all such details about plants we can take proper care of plants in our garden. Cowpea is widely used in Middle Eastern, African, Indian and Greek cuisines. ( Log Out / Cowpea is a legume that is extensively grown throughout sub-Saharan Africa. The plant produces clusters of flowers at the end of a peduncle (flower stalk) and 2–3 seed pods per peduncle. View all posts by Liz. Plants grow in different regions and habitats. Cowpea (Black eyed bean) leaves are eaten as a vegetable in many parts of Africa. It’s cultivated for its seeds and its edible i mmature pods. Learn how your comment data is processed. Dixie Lee Pea. The soup or stew is popularly served with rice or flat bread or traditional breads like Ugali, Nsima or Pap. The number of varieties of this plant is found to be 5. Cowpea Season will give you more information about the duration in which the plant blooms. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. The seeds are used as an ingredient, in various cuisines, to make sweet desserts, fried cakes, soups, stews, sauces and infant food. Cowpea is an annual herb which has a growth form that varies; it can be bushy, trailing, erect or climbing. In the USA it’s notably used to make ‘Hoppin John‘ and Texas caviar. (IPM CRSP, 2000). The stems of cowpea are striate, smooth or slightly hairy. This plant is native to Africa. Cowpea definition, a plant, Vigna unguiculata, extensively cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, soil improvement, etc. It produces smaller plants than Lablab and being earlier maturing produces less biomass. Dixie Lee Pea, A1, A2, A3, H1, H2, 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24. It is a subsistence crop, often intercropped with sorghum, maize and pearl millet. Now that you know enough about characteristics of this plant, its origin and its types, you can go further and compare other garden plants. “But now it … It originated and was domesticated in Southern Africa and was later moved to East and West Africa … Cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. ( Log Out / Used as a fodder in West Africa, India and Australia. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! What is the difference between Kidney Beans and Cowpea? Cowpea definition is - a sprawling herb (Vigna unguiculata synonym V. sinensis) of the legume family related to the bean and widely cultivated in the southern U.S. for forage, green manure, and edible seeds; also : its edible seed —called also black-eyed pea, field pea. Catjang
Cowpea originated in Africa and is widely grown in Africa, Latin America, Southeast Asia and in the southern United States. pea. ( Vigna unguiculata ) Cowpea is a food and animal feed crop grown in the semi-arid tropics covering Africa, Asia, Europe, United States and Central and South America. Change ). Common Names: Black Eyed Pea, Pea Bean, Black Eyed-Bean, China Pea, Bombay Cowpea. Cowpea is the grain legume of choice for the Sahelian zone and the contiguous savannas, both of which are densely populated, erratically dry, and vulnerable to mass outbreaks of … © My Favourite Pastime 2018, unauthorized use and / or duplication of this material without written permission from the author / owner of this blog is strictly prohibited. Find out which is better and their overall performance in the vegetable ranking. Black-Eyed Peas
PDF | On Jan 20, 2007, Michael P. Timko and others published Cowpea | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate It’s now widely grown in the USA, Caribbean, Brazil, China, India and South East Asia. cowpea plant, Vigna sinensis, Vigna unguiculata, black-eyed pea. Cowpea is classified in the division Magnoliophyta Magnoliophyta, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. Cowpea life span falls under Perennial type. ( Log Out / There are many types of Cowpea. As a result of human selection in China, India and South-East Asia, cowpea underwent further diversification to produce two cultivar-groups, Sesquipedalis Group (yard-long beans) with long pods used as a vegetable, and Biflora Group, grown for the pods, dry seeds and for fodder. Cowpea can be grown on a wide range of soil, from predominantly sandy loam to clay ranging from acidic to basic (pH 4.5 - 8.0). Cowpea Life Span. See more. Cowpea is the most important pulse crop in the savanna regions of West and Central Africa, where it is also an important vegetable and a valuable source of fodder. Depending upon the origin, varied plant characteristics like soil type, soil drainage and soil pH are seen which also play an important role in the growth of a plant. Has much smaller seed than Lablab (15,000 compared to 4,000 seeds/kg) and so can be sown about 10 kg/ha. Cowpea is susceptible to over 140 viruses, about 20 different virus species are known to naturally infect cowpea around the world and be capable of economic damage (Hampton, Thottappilly & Rossel, 1997; Taiwo & Shoyinka, 1998). It also includes the ability to withstand minimum temperature of the zone. Growing habit of the plant is Not Available. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. The mature seeds are cooked and eaten alone, or cooked together with vegetables, spices and palm oil, to produce a thick bean soup, which accompanies the staple food (cassava, yam, plantain). ), an annual legume, is also commonly referred to as southern pea, blackeye pea, crowder pea, lubia, niebe, coupe or frijole. These versatile and hardy peas from the Vigna genus are able to grow in harsh, unforgiving climates, providing people in those areas with a dense form of nutrients.