The Greek Revival style that followed, ca. The Hoboken house is emblematic of the high-style Victorian brownstone. Brownstone An urban form popular in Northeast cities during the 19th century, named for its façade cladding of brown sandstone (generally over brick construction). As a result, Philadelphia’s streets, alleys, and courts were lined with relatively homogenous structures of predictable form and design. As mentioned previously, restricted width is the greatest defect of older row house dwelling units. Whether brick, brownstone, or wood-framed, these houses exhibit multiple surface textures, asymmetry, and an abundance of ornament: multi-pane windows, brackets and pendants, embellished bargeboards at eaves, starbursts, and free classic motifs. In reviewing old photos for our site, we’ve always set aside those that give a glimpse of what daily life could have been like in these houses in the late 1800s and early 1900s. A survey of row house types found in the historic neighborhoods of Society Hill and Old City, compiled by architectural historian William J. Murtagh in 1957, remains a definitive starting point for understanding the plans of row houses in Philadelphia. For piping sewer, plumbing, and gas lines, such specialized and expensive work could be done for the entire row at one time, saving labor costs. The row house was easy to build on narrow lots and affordable to buy, and its pervasiveness resulted in Philadelphia becoming the “City of Homes” by the end of the nineteenth century. your own Pins on Pinterest Most housed a single family (and servants). Subject to a unique brand of remuddling, the houses sometimes take on a comical look when two separate owners disagree on roofing, paint color, and alterations. Many of the homes to be torn down are row homes, built in the late 1800s. In 1943, the Monroe Coal Mining Company, a subsidiary of the J.H. Even in the c. 1718 South East Prospect of Philadelphia, by Peter Cooper, jumbled groupings of brick row houses are visible in early Philadelphia. Download original report (pdf) Prepared by Frank S. So. These are usually two or three storeys and often have a dormered half-storey attic. My home and the one across the street from me each have a door in the center of the facade with a window to the left and right. In the words of The Community Builders' Handbook: l. A twenty-foot width should be the minimum for today's "open planning." Neo-Grec brownstones often have ornamental carvings or incising in the stone. It allowed them to replicate a design from only a few plans, consolidate crews and resources at one site, and buy materials in bulk. Join the discussion at a Greater Philadelphia Roundtable or add your nomination online. In typical Victorian fashion, it is a hybrid, sharing typical Neo-Grec details with its neighbors, yet sporting a fashionable mansard roof. Zo […], […] with modernity. 1825–1860, is bold and linear, based on plain, Greek post-and-beam architecture. The bandbox is typically no larger than sixteen feet on any side, with one room on each floor, rising two or three stories with enclosed winding stairs. The style became particularly popular after the 1848 publication of Courtesy of Creative […], By Laying Down A Layer | PenllynStudio.net on September 8, 2015 at 11:58 am, By The history of Philadelphia’s trinity houses | 101 News on March 16, 2017 at 4:26 pm, By The history of Philadelphia’s trinity houses | Amrank Real Estate on December 14, 2017 at 2:43 pm, Copyright © 2021 Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia, Bidding farewell to proud, sad remnant of Philadelphia's past with "Funeral for a Home" (WHYY, May 28, 2014), Amidst A Redeveloping Waterfront, An 1830s Row Lives On (Hidden City Philadelphia), The Quintessential Object of Industrial Philadelphia (PhillyHistory.org Blog), Heartbreaking Photos of Lonely Row Houses (The Atlantic Cities), Philadelphia, the Place that Loves You Back, Architectural Archives of the University of Pennsylvania, The Philadelphia Center for Architecture » Scout Books, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Janet Glowacki's Blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Emily Bradley's Blog, Billhowardproperties.com - Bill Howard, Kimberly Jordan, Billhowardproperties, Sugarland Properties, West university properties,Houston Properties, Coldwell Banker Bill Howard, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Rigo's blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Joseph-Roland Joubert's Blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Pam Smith's Blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Dusty's Blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Heena's Blog, 4 Simple Feng Shui Tips for Your Philly Row Home | Anna Lee's Blog, The Philadelphia Rowhouse: American Dream Revisited, Thursday Doors…City of Homes | This, that and the other thing, Toulouse: Why It Reminds Me of Philly So Much – tripping on europe. However, Philadelphia’s unique combination of original city planning, expansive geography, and the simultaneous trend of speculative building meant street (or court)-front land was obtainable by builders or modest investors at an easier rate compared to other major urban centers. 4 3 0. Hunker may earn compensation through affiliate links in this story. Bell’s Court (off of Saint Josephs Way), Philadelphia. Courtesy of Wikipedia. Thank you, Joy. That will help you put some dates and names to the home’s history. Romantic details for Italian styles: villa, row house, or in a rural vernacular. Baltimore’s brick row houses, famous for both their well-kept white marble steps and the indignities of 20th-century Formstone siding, were built throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Made by true craftsmen using construction techniques long since abandoned for quicker, easier and cheaper methods, historic homes offer … Baltimore's streets are lined with an astonishing array of original row houses. The shared party walls of row houses also meant less stone or masonry work compared to a free-standing house. Architecture Chairs. Architectural style comes from whatever the builder used to ornament the façade. Housing in Scotland includes all forms of built habitation in what is now Scotland, from the earliest period of human occupation to the present day.The oldest house in Scotland dates from the Mesolithic era. • Greystone A Chicago term for a brick building with an Indiana limestone façade, dating to 1890–1920s. In my case, it was insured as a “Store and Dwelling,” confirming that it had, indeed, been a business. Medieval architecture and the great cathedrals of the Gothic age inspired all sorts of flourishes during the Victorian era. As America moved into the 1900s, notable change began happening on the home … (Photograph for The Encyclopedia of Greater Philadelphia by Jamie Castagnoli). In the Neolithic era settled farming led to the construction of the first stone houses. When the stone is naturally bedded— with its strata parallel to the ground—it has longevity. These brick, Romanesque Revival houses in Park Slope, Brooklyn, feature characteristic arches and brownstone details. Prairie School houses were a phenomenon 1901–1919 that changed domestic architecture forever. The bandbox (sometimes called a trinity) is the smallest and therefore cheapest to construct, and it normally served as housing for the working-class or servants of larger properties nearby. Constructing houses in a row was cost-effective and efficient for builders. Lining Philadelphia’s straight, gridiron streets, the row house defines the vernacular architecture of the city and reflects the ambitions of the people who built and lived there. 2 2 0. Brownstone is a sedimentary rock, meaning it consists of layers. Entire neighborhoods in St. Louis and Chicago are defined by their neat rows. Photograph of Bolton Hill rowhouse, May 8, 2005. I sketched these from the sidewalk across the street in my hometown which happens to be beautiful Buffalo, NY. “Our home was built back in the late 1800s. The Jackson Cross-Company, established around 1876, was a Philadelphia real estate firm in operation until 1998. As Philadelphia rapidly expanded after the Civil War, the row house served as the standard form used by builders to fill in new neighborhoods. Expand Image Credit: Abigail Rose Photography At first glance, this 1880s brick townhouse in Lancaster, Pennsylvania looked dark and dated. Required fields are marked *, […] and chose to use “one of the most familiar” of the city’s sights: the traditional row home. World’s Columbian Exposition. Twins were often built in detached rows. Discover (and save!) In pre-automobile days, it meant a multi-storey house on a small footprint, attached or in densely built rows. Builders loved them because they … Row houses were built to fit all levels of taste and budgets, from single-room bandbox plans to grand town houses. Elfreth’s Alley, Association Office and Museum, 124-126 Elfreth’s Alley, Philadelphia . The row houses’ popularity in Philadelphia consequently earned it the slogan the “City of Homes.” However, many contemporaries also correlated homeownership with public health and safety. Ranging between 2200 and 2800 square feet, or about the size of a good-sized suburban home today. Montenegro Balkan. But houses like them appear in other lucky cities across the country. 19th Century. 2 1 0. While the current trends favoring city living have encouraged a wave of row house renovations and new infill construction, the updating of these homes to reflect popular tastes is hardly something new. Roofing Roof Brick Red. Note from artist Mary Kunz Goldman: These whimsical city row houses bring back the spirit of the 19th Century. SELLING THE HOUSES TO THE TOWNSPEOPLE. Can anyone elucidate what they mean? Chicago: Stone, Kastler and Painter, 1893. In fact, it’s the best house at the end of a prosperous row, with an extra storey and side-wall windows. Washington, D.C., Charleston, and Savannah have theirs. Many were built between 1800 and 1925 to house a growing middle class. Wright, Gwendolyn. In these homes, the masonry is load bearing, and does structural work. Cottages Row Coloured. Look for rococo details and curved windows. My best friend’s sister just passed and it would mean so very much to her. Throughout the 19th century, rows of identical homes in Boston, New York and Washington DC were called “Philadelphia Rowhouses.” This method of constructing standardized rows created affordable housing for more people. My husband and I were nextdoor neighbors as kids (5744-46 Colgate St.) I’ve always been curious about the history of those homes running between Cheltenham Ave. and Sentner Street. 0 3 0. It causes problems with having an “entry” because you enter right into the living room, but I was wondering where this design came from. Only inside the four corners of the brick walls is wood used to make floors, joists and other interior fixtures that won’t be exposed to the elements. The row house has frequently been pictured as a type of housing that perfectly illustrates conditions of overcrowding, lack of light and air and open space, architectural monotony, and other environmental defects. Most American row houses were built in pre-platted blocks, one or four or a whole row at a time. I sketched these from the sidewalk across the street in my hometown which happens to be beautiful Buffalo, NY. Also, don’t forget about talking to any long-time residents of your neighborhood/street, as some of the ones on my block who’d lived here their whole life, had some cool insight. Thank you for any information you can provide. typically one of two types: an elongated S or what seems to be a flattened form of a fleur de lyse. Any information you have would be appreciated! But houses like them appear in other lucky cities across the country. Little changed between the houses as builders completed them down the street for eventual sale. Try these curated collections . The earliest Philadelphia row houses reflected the building traditions of English settlers who, because of the devastating fire of 1666, embraced the fire-resistant, Georgian construction that was efficient in the city’s narrow lots. Philadelphia was the first city in the United States to feature these narrow, attached homes, and […], […] majority of Philly row homes were constructed to maximize the space of small lots in the city and to be more cost-efficient for […], […] Timid Jimmy is the story of a young boy who moves to the country and conquers his fears. Amanda Casper is a PhD candidate in History at the University of Delaware. Row Houses City Houses. Parlours were added to the homes of well-off farmers and other gentry. Architecture Building. 1 2 0. Emilio Guerra/Getty Images. 5. Can you direct me to a source, or provide me with some info about these homes? Terraced houses date to the 16th century and are still built, but in some locales the term refers to Victorian and Edwardian examples. your own Pins on Pinterest Consequently, many row houses have been redesigned in sometimes unexpected ways, using stylistic details, materials and forms very different from the original neighborhood design. In the main, they were single-family homes, though some might contain their owner’s shops or a boarder or two. With flower and wreath motifs, the classical Renaissance Revival style was used for New York rows ca. City leaders planned for obvious calamities like fires by requiring tall masonry party walls that rose above rooflines, meant to stop potential fires from spreading from house to house. The floor plan governs what we can do in a home, where to do it, and how many people we can do it with. (The richest Brooklynites would have commissioned ornate mansions while the poorest would have lived in tenements.) Jan 25, 2015 - This Pin was discovered by Karen Meredith. Row Houses on Elfreth's Alley date to the eighteenth century. 3 5 0. The concept worked not only in Center City, but in every neighborhood throughout Philadelphia. We have read some of the histories of these houses. The inherent interconnectedness of row house construction—with shared walls and close proximity—had lasting consequences for Philadelphians who would own and live in them. Row houses built during the 20th century, as early as 1910, tend to exhibit Colonial Revival sentiment, sometimes emulating surviving brick Federals. Many of the homes to be torn down are row homes, built in the late 1800s. Each type accommodated varied degrees of economic means and social ambition. Hirshorn, Paul. The thought behind this design was the expression of a belief that more light and ventilation was healthier in a sooty, industrialized America. Flickr/Taber Andrew Bain. In 1948 architectural historian William Murtagh found more than twenty courts filled with Bandbox row houses in Society Hill, but many were later demolished. The Patricks found an 1898 row home in Lancaster City, PA with all of the potential and space they were looking for. Thanks so much! In architecture and city planning, a terrace or terraced house or townhouse is a form of medium-density housing that originated in Europe in the 16th century, whereby a row of attached dwellings share side walls.They are also known in some areas as row houses or row homes (especially in Philadelphia, New York City, Baltimore, Washington, D.C., Chicago, Pittsburgh, and St. Louis). Note from artist Mary Kunz Goldman: These whimsical city row houses bring back the spirit of the 19th Century. In Buff… • Millions of unique designs by independent artists. Virtually all of them had parlours. 4 3 0. The row house was easy to build on narrow lots and affordable to buy, and its pervasiveness resulted in Philadelphia becoming the “City of Homes” by the end of the nineteenth century. Named after English kings, a Georgian house is tall and rectangular with orderly row windows symmetrically arranged on the second story. But a grand house enough wasn’t enough, and she battled back with a ball of her own in which she invited more than the usual 400. Row houses were built to fit all levels of taste and budgets, from single-room bandbox plans to grand town houses. The massing of these row houses may be similar to other styles, but Gothic features pointed arches, lancet and oriel windows, and carved stone. Patricia Poore is the Editorial Director of the Home Group at Active Interest Media, overseeing Old House Journal magazine, Arts & Crafts Homes, the Design Center Sourcebook, Period Homes and Traditional Building magazine. 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