A straight line was then drawn across the tip of the San Francisco Peninsula just north of San Bruno Mountain. In recent decades, San Francisco has become an important center of finance and technology. Gap. San Francisco is the 16th most populous city in the United States, and the fourth most populous in California, with 881,549 residents as of 2019. San Francisco hosted the 2013 America's Cup yacht racing competition.[267]. It was the O'Shaughnessy Dam, Hetch Hetchy Reservoir, and Hetch Hetchy Aqueduct that would have the largest effect on San Francisco. ", "2010 Census Interactive Population Search – CA – San Francisco city", "The brainpower of America's largest cities", "New measure ranks San Francisco the 'smartest' U.S. city", "Same-sex Couples and the Gay, Lesbian, Bisexual Population: New Estimates from the American Community Survey", "Gay and Lesbian Families in the United States: Same-Sex Unmarried Partner Households", "Median Household Income (In 2003 Inflation-adjusted Dollars) (Place Level)", "Families Flee San Francisco: City Has Lowest Percentage Of Kids Of Any Major U.S. City", "Young Americans' loneliness sets the table for Friendsgiving", "Deinstitutionalization: A Psychiatric 'Titanic, "San Francisco Program Combats Homelessness with Innovation", "Critics say regional plan won't solve the problem", "Trump's crackdown on illegal immigration leaves a lot unanswered for sanctuary cities like L.A.", "S.F. In the 1980s, HIV (formerly called LAV, HTLV-III, also known as AIDS virus) created havoc in the gay community. This in turn creates a population of highly educated, white-collar individuals as well as blue-collar workers, many of whom are immigrants, and who both are drawn to the increasing number of opportunities available. According to the San Francisco Police Department, there were 59 murders in the city in 2016, an annual total that marked a 13.5% increase in the number of homicides (52) from 2015. In addition, the name Yerba Buena was applied to the former Goat Island in the middle of San Francisco Bay, adjacent to Treasure Island. The Giants play at Oracle Park, which opened in 2000. Critics accused Herman of racism for what was perceived as attempts to create segregation and displacement of blacks. [74] Hippies flocked to Haight-Ashbury in the 1960s, reaching a peak with the 1967 Summer of Love. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships, saloons and hotels; many were left to rot and some were sunk to establish title to the underwater lot. State Route 35 enters the city from the south as Skyline Boulevard and terminates at its intersection with Highway 1. Many large financial institutions, multinational banks, and venture capital firms are based in or have regional headquarters in the city. The centerpiece of the port, the Ferry Building, while still receiving commuter ferry traffic, has been restored and redeveloped as a gourmet marketplace. [38], During the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, large numbers of entrepreneurs and computer software professionals moved into the city, followed by marketing and sales professionals, and changed the social landscape as once poorer neighborhoods became gentrified. It was during this period San Francisco built some of its most important infrastructure. Mission Bay hosts the UCSF Medical Center, the California Institute for Regenerative Medicine, California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences, and Gladstone Institutes,[177] as well as more than 40 private-sector life sciences companies. First was the dot-com boom of the late 1990s, startup companies invigorated the San Francisco economy. sets tougher deadlines for condo tower fee", "Hundreds of thousands pack Giants parade route", "San Francisco gets tough on Giants rioters", "Giants win in World Series spawns riot in San Francisco", "San Francisco Requires New Buildings To Install Solar Panels", https://sf.curbed.com/2020/6/2/21277355/san-francisco-rent-prices-coronavirus-2020-may, https://www.sfchronicle.com/bayarea/article/S-F-is-still-a-renter-s-market-for-now-Will-15766901.php, Shaping San Francisco, the lost history of San Francisco, Historic Pictures of 19th Century San Francisco, Historic San Francisco photographs, including the 1906 Earthquake and Fire, Videos of San Francisco from the Prelinger Collection at archive.org, Videos of San Francisco from the Shaping San Francisco collection at archive.org, These coders used 13,000 old photos to make a Google Street View map of San Francisco in the 1800s, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=History_of_San_Francisco&oldid=999892880, Articles needing additional references from September 2015, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2015, Copied and pasted articles and sections with url provided from June 2019, All copied and pasted articles and sections, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2008, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from September 2015, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [26] In 2019, San Francisco was the seventh-highest-income county in the United States, with a per capita personal income of $139,405. [339] Bay Wheels, previously named Bay Area Bike Share at inception, launched in August 2013 with 700 bikes in downtown San Francisco, selected cities in the East Bay, and San Jose. Many African Americans also settled in the Fillmore District and most notably near the Bayview-Hunters Point shipyards, working in the dry-docks there. [342][343][344], San Francisco has significantly higher rates of pedestrian and bicyclist traffic deaths than the United States on average. He began leveling entire areas in San Francisco's Western Addition and Japantown neighborhoods. Its private golf course has hosted the U.S. Open on five occasions. [162] In 2019, GDP in the five-county San Francisco metropolitan area grew 3.8% in real terms to $592 billion. This popular militia movement lynched 12 people, kidnapped hundreds of Irishmen and government militia members, and forced several elected officials to resign. San Francisco falls under the USDA 10b Plant hardiness zone. population in 2007", "As Bay Area Investment Shifts North, Institutional Venture Partners Opens San Francisco Office", "Startup City: The Urban Shift in Venture Capital and High Technology", "S.F. [140], San Francisco has the highest estimated percentage of gay and lesbian individuals of any of the 50 largest U.S. cities, at 15%. In 1905, The Sisters of Mercy purchased a lot at Fulton and Stanyan Streets, the current location of St. Mary's Medical Center, the oldest continually operating hospital in San Francisco. [321] Historically, trains operated by Southern Pacific Lines ran from San Francisco to Los Angeles, via Palo Alto and San Jose. [168], Since the 1990s, San Francisco's economy has diversified away from finance and tourism towards the growing fields of high tech, biotechnology, and medical research. Tue 2 - 6. These new residents were the prime movers of Gay Liberation and often lived communally, buying decrepit Victorians in the Haight and fixing them up. [219] The city's GoSolarSF incentive promotes solar installations and the San Francisco Public Utilities Commission is rolling out the CleanPowerSF program to sell electricity from local renewable sources. [34] It then became the birthplace of the United Nations in 1945. After the exposition ended, all of its grand buildings were demolished except for the rebuilt Palace of Fine Arts which survives today in an abbreviated form, while the remainder of the fairgrounds were re-developed into the Marina District. The evolution of California is quite evident at Mission San Francisco de Asís. The estimated 1 million people who attended their victory parade is considered one of the largest in city history. San Francisco has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb) characteristic of California's coast, with moist mild winters and dry summers. Enacting eminent domain whenever necessary, he set upon a plan to tear down huge areas of the city and replace them with modern construction. While awaiting the outcome of the appeal, Schmitz was kept in a cell in San Francisco County Jail. The large park is rich with cultural and natural attractions such as the Conservatory of Flowers, Japanese Tea Garden and San Francisco Botanical Garden. Location San Francisco, California, United States. [318] Since 2006, San Francisco has received a Bicycle Friendly Community status of "Gold" from the League of American Bicyclists. 1 in a study that examined which U.S. metro areas have produced the most Major Leaguers since 1920.[257]. [194], Some of the most popular tourist attractions in San Francisco noted by the Travel Channel include the Golden Gate Bridge and Alamo Square Park, which is home to the famous "Painted Ladies". By the mid-2000s (decade), the social media boom had begun, with San Francisco becoming a popular location for tech offices and a common place to live for people employed in Silicon Valley companies such as Apple and Google. Originally an industrial district, it underwent development fueled by the construction of the University of California, San Francisco Mission Bay campus and its UCSF Medical Center, and is currently an up-and-coming neighborhood, undergoing development and construction. The original mission building had to be rebuilt in 1791, and it is the oldest surviving structure in San Francisco. Some neighborhoods are dotted with boutiques, cafés and nightlife such as Union Street in Cow Hollow, 24th Street in Noe Valley, Valencia Street in the Mission, Grant Avenue in North Beach, and Irving Street in the Inner Sunset. Under Mexican rule, the mission system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. [4] Linguistic and paleontological evidence is unclear as to whether the earliest inhabitants of the area now known as San Francisco were the ancestors of the Ohlone population encountered by the Spanish in the late 18th century. The Ohlone speakers are distinct from Pomo speakers north of the San Francisco Bay, and are part of the Miwok group of languages. Today, we are a breeding ground for a new generation of dancers: athletic, exuberant, assured—a uniquely American aesthetic. As co-founder and activist Cleve Jones says, “It was like a triage unit in a war zone.” Sun closed. Then in 1828 Jedediah Smith crossed the Sierra Nevada mountains to reach San Francisco Bay. San Francisco-based inventors made important contributions to modern media. [263] Oracle Park hosted the annual Fight Hunger Bowl college football game from 2002 through 2013 before it moved to Santa Clara. Fri closed. In 2017–18 the budget for combatting homelessness stood at $305 million. In August 1846, Lt. Washington A. Bartlett was named alcalde of Yerba Buena. Adolph Bolm (1937) Bill Russell led the Don's basketball team to NCAA championships in 1955 and 1956. It covers an area of about 46.89 square miles (121.4 km ), mostly at the north end of the San Francisco Peninsula in the San Francisco Bay Area, making it the second most densely populated large U.S. city, and the fifth most densely populated … Former Mayor Phelan, in concert with Rudolph Spreckels, president of the San Francisco First National Bank, and Fremont Older, editor of the San Francisco Bulletin, decided to try to challenge the Labor Party's corrupt choke-hold on city politics and commerce. [citation needed], In 1967, thousands of young people entered the Haight-Ashbury district during what became known as the Summer of Love. [252], San Francisco is the first city in the U.S. to have a park within a 10-Minute Walk of every resident. Rebuilding was rapid and performed on a grand scale. Adolph Sutro ran for mayor in 1894 under the auspices of the Populist Party and won handily without campaigning. Their traditional territory stretched from Big Sur to the San Francisco Bay, although their trading area was much larger. [105] The fog is less pronounced in eastern neighborhoods and during the late summer and early fall. The major daily newspaper in San Francisco is the San Francisco Chronicle, which is currently Northern California's most widely circulated newspaper. [332] San Francisco's Vision Zero plan calls for investing in engineering, enforcement, and education, and focusing on dangerous intersections. One of the more famous and ambitious plans, proposed before the fire, came from famed urban planner, Daniel Burnham. Cycling is a popular mode of transportation in San Francisco, with 75,000 residents commuting by bicycle each day. The San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency and Bay Area Air Quality Management District are responsible for the operation with management provided by Motivate. [214][215][216], San Francisco also has had a very active environmental community. [269] Golden Gate Park has miles of paved and unpaved running trails as well as a golf course and disc golf course. extends biotech payroll tax exemption", "Mayor Lee Announces New Biotech Incubator in Mission Bay", "City and County of San Francisco, California Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, for the Year ended June 30, 2018", "Salesforce to house 1,500 more workers in second Transbay tower", "San Francisco is gateway city for immigrants and Silicon Valley Technology", "An Overview of San Francisco's Recent Economic Performance – Executive Summary", "Supervisors OK limits on chain-store expansion", "Proposition G: Limitations on Formula Retail Stores, City of San Francisco", "Made in San Francisco: Manufacturing a comeback", "The Post-Industrial "Shop Floor": Emerging Forms of Gentrification in San Francisco's Innovation Economy", "S.F. One of the largest and most prominent US Coin Mints is located in San Francisco, California. This 1852 figure is from a state Census. With an ideal climate for outdoor activities, San Francisco has ample resources and opportunities for amateur and participatory sports and recreation. San Francisco de Asís was founded on October 9, 1776. The rising rents forced many people, families, and businesses to leave. [347] In 2008, the MTA estimated that about 128,000 trips were made by bicycle each day in the city, or 6% of total trips. The museum reopened on May 14, 2016 with an addition, designed by Snøhetta, that has doubled the museum's size. [3] The mission became known as Mission Dolores, because of its nearness to a creek named after Our Lady of Sorrows. The U.S. Census Bureau estimates San Francisco's population to be 881,549 as of July 1, 2019, with a population density of 18,838/sq mi. [179] The largest private-sector employer is Salesforce, with 8,500 employees, as of 2018. The influential San Francisco Planning and Urban Research Association or SPUR was founded in 1910 to address the quality of housing after the earthquake. CNN, MSNBC, BBC, Al Jazeera America, Russia Today, and CCTV America also have regional news bureaus in San Francisco. Today's city took its name from the mission, and Yerba Buena became the name of a San Francisco neighborhood now known as South of Market. By 1870, Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land. At 5:12 am on April 18, 1906, a major earthquake struck San Francisco and northern California. The resulting soil liquefaction causes extensive damage to property built upon it, as was evidenced in the Marina district during the 1989 Loma Prieta earthquake. As in many mining towns, the social climate in early San Francisco was chaotic. Between January 1848 and December 1849, the population of San Francisco increased from 1,000 to 25,000. Brown called for expansions to the San Francisco budget to provide for new employees and programs. Herman also completed the final removal of the produce district below Telegraph Hill, moving the produce merchants to the Alemany Boulevard site. He called it Yerba Buena. [276] The city employs around 27,000 workers.[277]. Issues & Controversies in American History @ FACTS.com. [281] That rate, though, did rise again by the close of 2016. [222], The Sunset Reservoir Solar Project, completed in 2010, installed 24,000 solar panels on the roof of the reservoir. [citation needed]. Mission San Francisco de Asis was founded June 26th, 1776 by Padre Francisco Palou and named for Saint Francis of Assisi, founder of the Franciscan order. Annual bicycle counts conducted by the Municipal Transportation Agency (MTA) in 2010 showed the number of cyclists at 33 locations had increased 58% from the 2006 baseline counts. Refugee camps were also set up in Golden Gate Park, Ocean Beach, and other undeveloped sections of the city. The rapid growth continued through the 1850s and under the influence of the 1859 Comstock Lode silver discovery. [322], Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART), a regional Rapid Transit system, connects San Francisco with the East Bay and San Jose through the underwater Transbay Tube. It wasn’t until the 1848 California Gold Rush that San Francisco became a popular destination. [11][12] In addition to Western Europeans, Russian fur-traders also visited the area. [235] Another local broadcaster, KPOO, is an independent, African-American owned and operated noncommercial radio station established in 1971. Over 44% of adults have a bachelor's or higher degree. He was sent to jail to await sentence. The United States claime… [290] In 1998, six teenagers were shot and wounded at the Chinese Playground; a 16-year-old boy was subsequently arrested.[291]. San Francisco Bay Ferry operates from the Ferry Building and Pier 39 to points in Oakland, Alameda, Bay Farm Island, South San Francisco, and north to Vallejo in Solano County. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the area became part of Mexico. According to the same study by the Pew Research Center, about 20% of residents in the area are Protestant, and 25% professing Roman Catholic beliefs. None of the victims in this attack were gang members. The cemetery is a … It was the 6th of Californias 21 missions and it became the headquarters for the entire Alta California mission system. San Francisco has several nicknames, including "The City by the Bay", "Golden Gate City",[237] "Frisco", "SF", "San Fran", and "Fog City", as well as older ones like "The City that Knows How", "Baghdad by the Bay", "The Paris of the West", or, as locals call it, "The City". Celebrations citywide were marred by rioting which caused millions of dollars in property damage. As of the 2010 census, the ethnic makeup and population of San Francisco included: 390,387 whites (48%), 267,915 Asians (33%), 48,870 African Americans (6%), and others. According to a 2014 quality of life survey of global cities, San Francisco has the highest quality of living of any U.S. In 1978, Dianne Feinstein assumed the office following the assassination of George Moscone and was later selected by the board to finish the term. [citation needed]. However little came of this, and San Francisco would become a prize of the United States rather than that of British naval power.[14]. While the bust helped put an ease on the city's apartment rents, the city remained expensive. Availability of vacant rental units is scarce and the prices for vacant units has increased dramatically, and as of 2015 is reported to be the highest in the nation. 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